Cysts are noncancerous, sac-like cavities typically filled with liquid, pus, or other material. They can occur on any part of the body and vary in size and shape, but generally feel like a large pea under the skin’s surface. Most cysts do not cause pain or discomfort, but some, especially those that are larger in size, can cause physical harm. There are a number of different types of cysts and treatment will vary based on the patient’s medical history and needs. The providers at Dermatology & Skin Cancer Surgery Center are trained to diagnose, treat and remove bothersome cysts for our patients. Call one of our conveniently located offices to schedule an appointment.

Symptoms of Cysts

Symptoms associated with a cyst vary depending on the size and location of the growth. In most cases, cysts are detected by an abnormal lump beneath the skin. Some lumps may be painful, especially if they become infected or rupture, while others may be visible, but painless. Other symptoms associated with cysts are hardening of the skin near the cyst, as well as a stretching of the skin, depending on how large the cyst is. Larger cysts can have specific symptoms such as physical disfigurement. Small cysts, which are the most common, often do not have symptoms or any indication of ongoing growth.

What causes Cysts?

There are many factors that can cause a cyst to form. Serious infection, tumors, and major illness or disease are just a few afflictions that can cause cysts to occur. Cysts can also develop as the result of a clogging of the oil glands within the skin (sebaceous glands), or around a foreign object or piercing within the skin, such as earrings. Although the majority of cysts are benign, there are instances where cysts may be cancerous. We will do a thorough analysis to reach a diagnosis as to the cause of the cyst, and develop a treatment plan to remove the cyst and help eradicate future growth.

How to treat Cysts

There are a number of different treatment options available for someone suffering from cysts, however, the treatment used depends on the underlying reason for the cyst. Common treatment for cysts includes draining of the lump or removing it through surgery. Cysts that are inflamed often react positively to a cortisone injection, which will cause it to shrink in size. Most types of cysts can be treated effectively once a proper diagnosis has been established.